Our work in Pakistan
- Supporting children and families
- Medical care for long term injured
- Teaching and holistic care
Pakistan is a republic in Asia. Until 1947, it was a part of India but as that country prepared for independence from Britain, Muslim politicians lobbied for a separate homeland for Muslims, who often felt threatened by the majority Hindu population. Since then, there have been numerous conflicts between Pakistan and India, and relations between them remain uneasy.
Pakistan has been plagued by political unrest, with military coups, government corruption and Islamic extremism taking their toll. It has also been adversely affected by the conflicts in neighbouring Afghanistan, and by devastating natural disasters, such as floods, from which it will take years to recover.
The economy is largely based on agriculture, light industry and the service sector. 25% of the population live below the international poverty line, which means they earn less than US$1.90 a day. This number has increased; in 2010, the number living in poverty was 20%.
The capital is Islamabad. Other cities include Karachi, Lahore, Rawalpindi and Peshawar, which is where World In Need is based. The official language of government is English, but the majority of ordinary people speak Urdu.
The country’s full name is the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, and the majority of the population are Sunni Muslims. Although religious freedoms are promised to minorities in law, in practice it is not always easy to guarantee this, and non-Muslims and non-Sunnis often need to be cautious, and face varying degrees of threat.
In February 2019, the population of Pakistan was 207 million. 50% of these people live in urban areas, and about 42% of them are under 15 years old. Life expectancy is 65.9 years and the infant mortality rate is 63.3 per 1000 live births. However, the figures may be misleading: since adultery and sex outside marriage are both punishable by death, babies, especially girl babies, born in dubious circumstances are often abandoned and left to die.
The literacy rate is low and actually decreasing. Officially, it is 58%, but a more realistic estimate is 25%-45%. There tend to be fewer girls in education than boys.
We have projects in Pakistan that need support:
- More children need sponsoring
- Medical treatment for long term injured after church bombing
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